When a stream of water is accelerated through a nozzle at a high pressure, it is often referred to as a waterjet . This spurt of pressurized water contains a high amount of force that can be used for cutting or removing materials. Essentially, this method makes use of the force of nature to perform different types of industrial and designing applications. You can cut and shape different types of materials as per specific requirements. Some of the most common materials that are cut using this method would be glass, marble, plastic, steel, wood, and a variety of metals.
As compared to heat-based engraving and slicing alternatives, using waterjet cutting is highly preferred option because it doesn’t create any heat affected zones (HAZs). In short, it is a cold cutting method. These very qualities make this technique best suited for operations such as flooring inlays and carving complex, artistic designs on marble, glass and other types of soft stone. A number of artists as well as technicians prefer this method because it gives them full freedom to carry out the most intricate designs with neat contours. There are several other benefits of using a waterjet for cutting and shaping purposes:
• It is considered to be an environmentally safe process because it does not emit any hazardous gases or chemicals.
• It is a dust-free and odorless process that does not harm the ambient environment. It can cut materials in a wide range of thicknesses.
• This process can be entirely computer controlled, enhancing further enhancing the precision factor. Computerization also saves a lot of time and the production speed can be accelerated.
• Since you can expect a fine finish and form with this process, the need for further refining methods.
• Apart from being highly accurate and precise, this process is also environment friendly. This has made it exceedingly popular across the globe.
• The pressure of water being ejected through the nozzle could be anywhere between 20,000 to 50,000 pounds per square inch (PSI). The diameter of the nozzle can be altered based on the cutting and shaping requirement.
• For materials requiring extra force, such as metals, abrasives can be added to the waterjet. This further empowers the technician/artist to effortlessly slice or contour a metal.
Apart from industrial and designing applications, there are other emerging uses of waterjet cutting.
For instance, did you know that doctors have used a jet of water to remove clots from blood vessels and also during corneal surgery? Similarly, it is also used in the food and beverage industry to cut candy, meats, vegetables and fruit. With some innovative thinking, there is really no limit to the uses of a waterjet in the contemporary world.